THE PARTHENON MARBLES
IN SEARCH OF
TΑ ΓΛΥΠΤΑ ΤΟΥ ΠΑΡΘΕΝΩΝΑ
ΜΙΑΣ ΒΙΩΣΙΜΗΣ ΛΥΣΗΣ
ΔΙΕΘΝΗΣ ΔΗΜΟΣΙΟΣ ΔΙΑΛΟΓΟΣ
Marking the 200-year anniversary of Greece, we invite you to an international public participation initiative on the Parthenon Marbles, under the auspices of "Greece 2021", to present ideas and proposals in search of a creative sustainable and acceptable solution for the Parthenon Marbles.
Στο πλαίσιο των εορτασμών της εθνικής παλλιγενεσίας, σας προσκαλούμε σε μια πρωτοβουλία διεθνούς δημόσιας διαβούλευσης για τα Γλυπτά του Παρθενώνα υπό την αιγίδα του "Ελλάδα 2021". Να εκθέσετε ιδέες και προτάσεις στην αναζήτηση μιας δημιουργικής βιώσιμης και κοινά αποδεκτής λύσης για τα
Γλυπτά του Παρθενώνα.
01 / WHAT
The Parthenon Marbles are widely acclaimed as the most magnificent and significant work of the Greek sculptor Phidias and his team of renown craftsmen, among them Agorakritos, Alkamenes and Kolotis. It is a group of many hundred sculptures, made of Pentelic marble between 446 and 432 BCE, that once adorned the walls, the entablatures and both the pediments of the Parthenon, on the Acropolis of Athens. The Acropolis rebuilding project was commissioned under the leadership of Pericles and approved by the Ecclesia (general assembly) of Athens. Thanks to Greek geographer Pausanias, we know that the eastern pediment of the Parthenon, adorning the main façade of the Parthenon, depicted the birth of goddess Athena, and the western - the one facing Propylaea - the entrance building of the Acropolis - the victory of Athena over Poseidon for the patronage of the City.
In 1801 Thomas Bruce, 7th Earl of Elgin and his agents, having obtained an official permission from the Sublime Porte, the central government of the Ottoman Empire that ruled Greece at the time, set up scaffolding to initially make moldings of the sculptures in plaster and gypsum. Then removed the majority of the surviving sculptures of the Parthenon and numerous sculptures and architectural components of other ancient buildings, including the Erechtheum, and shipped them to Britain.
Following a public debate in the British Parliament, the marbles were sold to the British government in 1816 and passed into the trusteeship of the British Museum.
The Parthenon Marbles are now on display at the Duveen Gallery of the British Museum.
02 / WHY
Since gaining independence from the Ottoman Empire in 1832, Greece has undertaken projects to restore its ancient monuments and reclaim all looted art. Since the1980s, with Greek Minister of Culture Melina Merkouri, an international effort for the return of the marbles is under way through diplomatic, political and legal means. A recent effort by UNESCO to mediate between Greece and the UK in 2014, was turned down by the British Museum.
In 2009 Athens inaugurated the new Acropolis Museum in Makrygianni, to replace the existing museum on the Acropolis rock built in 1874. The museum was designed by renown New York-based architect Bernard Tchumi and Greek architect Michael Photiadis. It includes a special gallery for the display of the Parthenon Marbles.
IN SEARCH OF A SUSTAINABLE SOLUTION ECOWEEK and PAREMVASI joined forces for a global initiative that aims to bring to the discourse a sustainable and acceptable solution to the issue of the Parthenon Marbles. This initiative is not replacing or challenging any of the Greek or international efforts or bi-lateral negotiations taking place at the moment, and does not represent the views of any official party involved in this issue.
This initiative and the proposed solutions aim to tackle the wealth of ideas and creativity that exist in the global community, which, given the chance through public participation may provide creative ideas that may lead to an acceptable, viable and sustainable solution to this international issue.
03 / WHO
ECOWEEK is a Greek-based non-profit company with the mission to raise environmental awareness and to promote the principles of social and environmental sustainability.
ECOWEEK was established in Aegina, Greece in 2005 and since then has developed activity in 30 cities in 17 countries and a network in 56 countries.
ECOWEEK promotes through its activity training, education, and networking, with an emphasis and focus on circular economy practices, green buildings, sustainable and participatory design, public participation and placemaking.
ECOWEEK website: https://ecoweek.org
Think Tank PAREMVASI is a non-profit organization based in Thessaloniki, Greece, which functions as a reservoir of cultural thinkers. PAREMVASI was established in 2009 as a continuation of the European-Greek Studies Society with the mission to promote and raise awareness on issues of public interest of the Greek State.
We hope that through this initiative, we are contributing to the dialogue and towards a viable, sustainable and acceptable solution.
Join us in this global initiative by answering the questionnaire. Just click the button below and fill out the few simple questions.
Dr. Elias Messinas, ECOWEEK
Kostas Gerondis, PAREMVASI
" if King Solomon was asked, he may have ordered to divide in half and give each one half "
" Collective intelligence, or the wisdom of crowds, refers to a phenomenon by which, under the right conditions, groups of individuals can render highly accurate judgments. " (D. A. Epp) - and solutions ...
" What if one takes and gives something of similar value? " " What about copies ? ... "
" Have you considered something temporary ? " " What if ... " " If I may suggest ... "
" How about? " " Have you thought of ... ? " " What I think is ... "
" I love the Parthenon and the Acropolis ... there ought to be a solution ... "
The Acropolis of Athens, E. Messinas Architect (c) 2021
01 / SURVEY
The first phase of this initiative opens in April 2021. This phase will remain open until July 31. However the form will remain open for submission of ideas and proposals by the global community.
It includes the launching of this webpage and a global campaign to reach as many people as possible to offer their ideas and suggestions through an online survey form.
The survey form or questionnaire, is a simple four-step anonymous survey with simple questions and a last section where you can propose a solution.
In other words, you are invited to anonymously, share a suggested idea, methodology, or scenario, that may lead to a viable, sustainable and acceptable solution to the Parthenon Marbles issue.
The questionnaire can be accessed at this LINK.
02 / REVIEW IDEAS
The second phase starts in July. It includes the processing and reviewing of the answers received. The form will remain open for more ideas to be received.
ECOWEEK and PAREMVASI with the assistance and contribution of experts in the subject as deemed necessary, will process the replies and proposed solutions.
Depending on the proposals received, it is anticipated that they will be grouped in categories of solutions or methodologies, in order to be better evaluated. The aim of this process is to identify ideas not heard before and answers that may lead to creative solutions or processes, one or more in combination, that may suggest a viable and mutually acceptable solution.
The most likely viable, sustainable and acceptable solutions will be brought to teams of experts to further evaluate and prepare for presentation.
03 / PANEL DISCUSSION
The third phase of this initiative will take place in two occasions:
First in September 3, 2021 at 20:00 at the courtyard of the Folklore Museum (Λαογραφικό Μουσείο) on Spirou Rodi 16, in Aegina, Greece. Admission is free.
Within the framework of the international conference 'ECOWEEK 2021: History - Tourism - Sustainability: Towards a Sustainable Vision in Practice' that will take place in Aegina, Greece in August 29 till September 4, 2021, a panel of experts will present the progress of the initiative and will introduce some of the proposed solutions.
Second, at a later date, a panel discussion will take place, with experts on the subject from Greece and abroad, who will review and evaluate the advantages and viability of selected proposals that will be received during the survey process. Thus enabling an experts' discussion on proposed scenarios suggested by the global community.
More details will be posted.
We truly hope that this creative, collaborative process will generate enough good ideas to assist in the process of finding a viable, sustainable and acceptable solution for the Parthenon Marbles.
04 / YOUR ANSWERS & IDEAS (so far)
PRESS materials on the Parthenon Marbles Initiative (all titles are active links)
We thank you for spreading the word!
Τα Γλυπτά του Παρθενώνα: Σε αναζήτηση μιας Βιώσιμης Λύσης Newsbase.gr (04.21)
THE PARTHENON MARBLES: In Search of A Sustainable Solution. AllaboutFarm.online (18.4.21)